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In abstract algebra and formal logic, the **distributive property** of binary operations generalizes the **distributive law** from elementary algebra. In propositional logic, **distribution** refers to two valid rules of replacement. The rules allow one to reformulate conjunctions and disjunctions within logical proofs.

For example, in arithmetic:

In the left-hand side of the first equation, the 2 multiplies the sum of 1 and 3; on the right-hand side, it multiplies the 1 and the 3 individually, with the products added afterwards.
Because these give the same final answer (8), it is said that multiplication by 2 *distributes* over addition of 1 and 3.
Since one could have put any real numbers in place of 2, 1, and 3 above, and still have obtained a true equation, we say that multiplication of real numbers *distributes* over addition of real numbers.

Given a set *S* and two binary operators ∗ and + on *S*, we say that the operation:

∗ is *left-distributive* over + if, given any elements *x*, *y*, and *z* of *S*,

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Distributive_property

In probability and statistics, a **probability distribution** assigns a probability to each measurable subset of the possible outcomes of a random experiment, survey, or procedure of statistical inference. Examples are found in experiments whose sample space is non-numerical, where the distribution would be a categorical distribution; experiments whose sample space is encoded by discrete random variables, where the distribution can be specified by a probability mass function; and experiments with sample spaces encoded by continuous random variables, where the distribution can be specified by a probability density function. More complex experiments, such as those involving stochastic processes defined in continuous time, may demand the use of more general probability measures.

In applied probability, a probability distribution can be specified in a number of different ways, often chosen for mathematical convenience:

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Probability_distribution

In mathematics and computer science, a **history monoid** is a way of representing the histories of concurrently running computer processes as a collection of strings, each string representing the individual history of a process. The history monoid provides a set of synchronization primitives (such as locks, mutexes or thread joins) for providing rendezvous points between a set of independently executing processes or threads.

History monoids occur in the theory of concurrent computation, and provide a low-level mathematical foundation for process calculi, such as CSP the language of communicating sequential processes, or CCS, the calculus of communicating systems. History monoids were first presented by M.W. Shields.

History monoids are isomorphic to trace monoids (free partially commutative monoids) and to the monoid of dependency graphs. As such, they are free objects and are universal. The history monoid is a type of semi-abelian categorical product in the category of monoids.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/History_monoid

An **investor** allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return. Types of investments include: equity, debt securities, real estate, currency, commodity, derivatives such as put and call options, etc. This definition makes no distinction between those in the primary and secondary markets. That is, someone who provides a business with capital and someone who buys a stock are both investors. An investor who owns a stock is a shareholder.

The assumption of risk in anticipation of gain but recognizing a higher than average possibility of loss. The term "speculation" implies that a business or investment risk can be analyzed and measured, and its distinction from the term "investment" is one of degree of risk. It differs from gambling, which is based on random outcomes.

Investors can include stock traders but with this distinguishing characteristic: investors are owners of a company which entails responsibilities.

There are two types of investors, retail investors and institutional investors:

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Investor

**Investor AB** is a Swedish investment company, founded in 1916 and still controlled by the Wallenberg family through their Foundation Asset Management company FAM. The company owns a controlling stake in several large Swedish companies with smaller positions in a number of other firms. At year-end 2013 it had a market value of 190.9 billion kronor (€21.4 billion, $29.4 billion), a discount to the Net Asset Value of 11.4%.

December 31, 2013 (in SEK m.)

In 1916, new legislation made it more difficult for banks to own stocks in industrial companies on a long-term basis. Investor was formed as an investment part of Stockholms Enskilda Bank, at the time the largest instrument of power in the Wallenberg family.

Investor held shares in the following companies as of 31 December 2013:

Listed companies

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Investor_AB

In abstract algebra and formal logic, the **distributive property** of binary operations generalizes the **distributive law** from elementary algebra. In propositional logic, **distribution** refers to two valid rules of replacement. The rules allow one to reformulate conjunctions and disjunctions within logical proofs.

For example, in arithmetic:

In the left-hand side of the first equation, the 2 multiplies the sum of 1 and 3; on the right-hand side, it multiplies the 1 and the 3 individually, with the products added afterwards.
Because these give the same final answer (8), it is said that multiplication by 2 *distributes* over addition of 1 and 3.
Since one could have put any real numbers in place of 2, 1, and 3 above, and still have obtained a true equation, we say that multiplication of real numbers *distributes* over addition of real numbers.

Given a set *S* and two binary operators ∗ and + on *S*, we say that the operation:

∗ is *left-distributive* over + if, given any elements *x*, *y*, and *z* of *S*,

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Distributive_property

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### Bitcoin Aims for $10,000 While Ethereum Eyes $300

Such a pessimistic scenario holds when looking at Santiment’s holder **distribution** chart ... BTC Holder **Distribution** by Santiment. The continuous decline in the number of large **investors** behind Bitcoin may seem insignificant at first glance ... Ethereum **investors** could see the value of their holdings evaporate ... ETH Holder **Distribution** by Santiment....

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### WisdomTree ETFs Declare Distributions

22, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- WisdomTree (NASDAQ.WETF) today announced that WisdomTree declared **distributions** for the following WisdomTree ETFs ... Due to the investment strategy of certain Funds they may make higher capital gain **distributions** than other ETFs ... The tax consequences of Fund **distributions** vary by individual taxpayer....

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### Beware: Bitcoin Price Action Mimics Market Maker Model

Wyckoff **Distribution** By Another Name. When an asset falls to attractive prices, it is accumulated by smart money **investors** who take a positon ahead of a large price increase ... Bitcoin “**Distribution**” Could Lead To Another Arm And A Leg Down ... According to Wyckoff **distribution** models – ......

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### Rajya Sabha passes bill to amend Essential Commodities Act

The Bill aims to remove the fear of excessive regulatory interference in the business of private **investors** while providing freedom to produce, hold, move, **distribute** and supply so as to attract private sector/foreign direct investment into the agriculture sector....

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### Kevin O’Leary says “Thanks a Billion,” as AUM Passes $1.0 Billion for O’Shares ETFs, While ...

**Investors** are using OUSA to gain exposure to high quality U.S ... Feedback from our **distribution** team is that advisors and **investors** have been pleased that OUSA has captured less downside than the market in stress events, yet still captured a significant portion of the upside,” said Connor O’Brien, CEO of O’Shares ETFs....

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### ExchangeRight Fully Subscribes $39.08 Million Offering Focused on Creditworthy Essential Businesses

The portfolio is designed for **investors** seeking to participate in a 1031 tax-deferred exchange as well as **investors** seeking diversified portfolios of net-leased real estate on a cash basis ... All 56 of the company’s current and past offerings have met or exceeded targeted cash flow **distributions** to **investors** since the company’s founding in 2012....

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### Essential Commodities Bill passed in Parliament; cereals, pulses, edible oils dropped from 'essential commodities list'

The bill was earlier approved by the Parliament's lower house - Lok Sabha - on September 15, after being introduced by the Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food & Public **Distribution**, Danve Raosaheb Dadarao ... The freedom to produce, hold, move, **distribute** and ......

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### The math doesn’t add up on TikTok’s deal with Oracle and Walmart

A key reason for the discrepancy lies in differing views over the eventual **distribution** of TikTok’s shares. One statistic that’s been touted by both Oracle and Walmart is that American **investors** will control more than 50% of the new TikTok Global ... **investor** control to more than half ... **investors** would own 52 shares combined, or more than 50%....

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### IGX and 18 Squared Partner to Build Industrial Warehouses in Opportunity Zones

Located in prime Opportunity Zones in San Antonio, Texas, these developments will allow **investors** to reap favorable tax benefits from the government, while also supporting the supply chains that are the backbone of American manufacturing and commerce ... “**Investors** in a post-pandemic ......

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### Parliament removes cereals, pulses and oilseeds from Essential Commodities Act

The bill is also aimed at removing fears of private **investors** of excessive regulatory interference in their business operations. The freedom to produce, hold, move, **distribute** and supply will lead to harnessing of economies of scale and attract private sector/foreign direct investment into agriculture sector, the government had said earlier....

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### Parliament passes amendments to essential commodities law

The bill is also aimed at removing fears of private **investors** of excessive regulatory interference in their business operations. The freedom to produce, hold, move, **distribute** and supply will lead to harnessing of economies of scale and attract private sector/foreign direct investment into agriculture sector, the government had said earlier....

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### ByteDance, Oracle at loggerheads over terms of TikTok agreement

On Monday, Oracle said ByteDance’s ownership of TikTok would be **distributed** to ByteDance’s **investors**, and that the Beijing-based firm would have no stake in TikTok Global ... Others would include ByteDance founder Zhang Yiming, and the heads of ByteDance’s two top **investors**, General Atlantic and Sequoia Capital....

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