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In abstract algebra and formal logic, the **distributive property** of binary operations generalizes the **distributive law** from elementary algebra. In propositional logic, **distribution** refers to two valid rules of replacement. The rules allow one to reformulate conjunctions and disjunctions within logical proofs.

For example, in arithmetic:

In the left-hand side of the first equation, the 2 multiplies the sum of 1 and 3; on the right-hand side, it multiplies the 1 and the 3 individually, with the products added afterwards.
Because these give the same final answer (8), it is said that multiplication by 2 *distributes* over addition of 1 and 3.
Since one could have put any real numbers in place of 2, 1, and 3 above, and still have obtained a true equation, we say that multiplication of real numbers *distributes* over addition of real numbers.

Given a set *S* and two binary operators ∗ and + on *S*, we say that the operation:

∗ is *left-distributive* over + if, given any elements *x*, *y*, and *z* of *S*,

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Distributive_property

In probability and statistics, a **probability distribution** assigns a probability to each measurable subset of the possible outcomes of a random experiment, survey, or procedure of statistical inference. Examples are found in experiments whose sample space is non-numerical, where the distribution would be a categorical distribution; experiments whose sample space is encoded by discrete random variables, where the distribution can be specified by a probability mass function; and experiments with sample spaces encoded by continuous random variables, where the distribution can be specified by a probability density function. More complex experiments, such as those involving stochastic processes defined in continuous time, may demand the use of more general probability measures.

In applied probability, a probability distribution can be specified in a number of different ways, often chosen for mathematical convenience:

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Probability_distribution

In mathematics and computer science, a **history monoid** is a way of representing the histories of concurrently running computer processes as a collection of strings, each string representing the individual history of a process. The history monoid provides a set of synchronization primitives (such as locks, mutexes or thread joins) for providing rendezvous points between a set of independently executing processes or threads.

History monoids occur in the theory of concurrent computation, and provide a low-level mathematical foundation for process calculi, such as CSP the language of communicating sequential processes, or CCS, the calculus of communicating systems. History monoids were first presented by M.W. Shields.

History monoids are isomorphic to trace monoids (free partially commutative monoids) and to the monoid of dependency graphs. As such, they are free objects and are universal. The history monoid is a type of semi-abelian categorical product in the category of monoids.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/History_monoid

An **investor** allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return. Types of investments include: equity, debt securities, real estate, currency, commodity, derivatives such as put and call options, etc. This definition makes no distinction between those in the primary and secondary markets. That is, someone who provides a business with capital and someone who buys a stock are both investors. An investor who owns a stock is a shareholder.

The assumption of risk in anticipation of gain but recognizing a higher than average possibility of loss. The term "speculation" implies that a business or investment risk can be analyzed and measured, and its distinction from the term "investment" is one of degree of risk. It differs from gambling, which is based on random outcomes.

Investors can include stock traders but with this distinguishing characteristic: investors are owners of a company which entails responsibilities.

There are two types of investors, retail investors and institutional investors:

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Investor

**Investor AB** is a Swedish investment company, founded in 1916 and still controlled by the Wallenberg family through their Foundation Asset Management company FAM. The company owns a controlling stake in several large Swedish companies with smaller positions in a number of other firms. At year-end 2013 it had a market value of 190.9 billion kronor (€21.4 billion, $29.4 billion), a discount to the Net Asset Value of 11.4%.

December 31, 2013 (in SEK m.)

In 1916, new legislation made it more difficult for banks to own stocks in industrial companies on a long-term basis. Investor was formed as an investment part of Stockholms Enskilda Bank, at the time the largest instrument of power in the Wallenberg family.

Investor held shares in the following companies as of 31 December 2013:

Listed companies

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Investor_AB

In abstract algebra and formal logic, the **distributive property** of binary operations generalizes the **distributive law** from elementary algebra. In propositional logic, **distribution** refers to two valid rules of replacement. The rules allow one to reformulate conjunctions and disjunctions within logical proofs.

For example, in arithmetic:

In the left-hand side of the first equation, the 2 multiplies the sum of 1 and 3; on the right-hand side, it multiplies the 1 and the 3 individually, with the products added afterwards.
Because these give the same final answer (8), it is said that multiplication by 2 *distributes* over addition of 1 and 3.
Since one could have put any real numbers in place of 2, 1, and 3 above, and still have obtained a true equation, we say that multiplication of real numbers *distributes* over addition of real numbers.

Given a set *S* and two binary operators ∗ and + on *S*, we say that the operation:

∗ is *left-distributive* over + if, given any elements *x*, *y*, and *z* of *S*,

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Distributive_property

Edit
### Welltower: A 5.0%-Yielding Healthcare REIT To Own Forever

Welltower High Margin Of Dividend Safety And Rising Yield On Cost For DGI **Investors**. Welltower is a strong choice for DGI **investors** largely because of its excellent **distribution** coverage stats ... Here are Welltower's **distribution** stats over the last eight quarters ... Risk Factors **Investors** Need To Consider....

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### Global VC firm's token to trade on U.S.-regulated trading venue

They have gained prominence this year as more companies, taking advantage of the move to blockchain or **distributed** ledgers, sought to create tokens that comply with regulations. "**Investors** in SPiCE VC are not locked in for 10-15 years ... So when there's an exit, the net proceeds get **distributed** to all token holders in a pro rata way," he added....

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### Bedrock Industries B.V. Announces Sale of Shares of Stelco Holdings Inc.

and Bedrock) or make **distributions** in kind, depending upon price, market conditions, availability of funds, evaluation of alternative investments, the interests of indirect **investors** in Bedrock and other factors it considers relevant from time to time....

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### GLP to Establish EUR2 Billion Partnership with CPPIB and QuadReal

In December 2017, GLP entered the European market through its acquisition of Gazeley, a premier developer, **investor** and manager of logistics warehouses and **distribution** parks in Europe....

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### Guerbet To Showcase Ongoing Collaboration with IBM Watson and Advanced Digital Solutions at RSNA 2018

... and **distribute** innovative, clinical decision support solutions ... With 8% of revenue dedicated to R&D and more than 200 employees **distributed** amongst its four centers in France, Israel and the United States, Guerbet is a substantial **investor** in research and innovation....

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### Ahold Delhaize announces cash tender offer for up to $350 million principal amount of its ...

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### Pittance paid to victims of Ponzi scheme

The company, headed by Lochmiller Sr., then advertised in local newspapers for **investors**, eventually attracting about 400 of them who together invested about $30 million ... In September 2013, the trust made interim **distributions** to creditors and **investors**, but that didn't amount to much....

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### This Entrepreneur Went From Selling Firecrackers To Landing $70 Million For His Canadian Startup

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### The Chemist's Quality Closed-End Fund Report - October 2018: This Senior Loan Fund Has Increasing ...

While I'm not going to rehash the entire ROC argument here (it is suffice to say that the issue is much more complicated than "ROC = bad"), some **investors** may consider a fund with over 100% coverage to be attractive simply because they know that the **distributions** are being covered by earnings ... At current levels, the **distribution** is 105% covered....

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### Duterte not sold on peco ouster

Says Panay Electric Company ‘providing good electricity’ to Iloilo ... Otherwise, the President said, he would not hesitate to expropriate both the supply and **distribution** of electricity in the island province in favor of other **investors**. For their part PECO officials expressed ... View the discussion thread. ....

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### Duterte not sold on Panay Electric Company ouster

Says Panay Electric Company ‘providing good electricity’ to Iloilo ... Otherwise, the President said, he would not hesitate to expropriate both the supply and **distribution** of electricity in the island province in favor of other **investors**. For their part PECO officials expressed ... View the discussion thread. ....

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### Topping off retirement savings

The catch-up limit remains $6,000 ... Many successful **investors** are finding that age 70 ½ Required Minimum **Distributions** are adding significant income taxes as well as increased Medicare copays. It is important to note that in addition to Roth contributions being tax-exempt upon withdrawal, they are not subject to required minimum **distributions** ... .......

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### Tekla Life Sciences Investors Declares Stock Distribution

BOSTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Nov 16, 2018--On November 16, 2018, Tekla Life Sciences **Investors** declared a stock **distribution** of $0.42 per share. The record date for the stock **distribution** is November 28, 2018 and the payable date is December 31, 2018. The Fund will trade ex-**distribution** on November 27, 2018 ... Tekla Life Sciences **Investors** (NYSE....

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