In the left-hand side of the first equation, the 2 multiplies the sum of 1 and 3; on the right-hand side, it multiplies the 1 and the 3 individually, with the products added afterwards.
Because these give the same final answer (8), it is said that multiplication by 2 distributes over addition of 1 and 3.
Since one could have put any real numbers in place of 2, 1, and 3 above, and still have obtained a true equation, we say that multiplication of real numbers distributes over addition of real numbers.
An investor allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return. Types of investments include: equity, debtsecurities, real estate, currency, commodity, derivatives such as put and call options, etc. This definition makes no distinction between those in the primary and secondary markets. That is, someone who provides a business with capital and someone who buys a stock are both investors. An investor who owns a stock is a shareholder.
The assumption of risk in anticipation of gain but recognizing a higher than average possibility of loss. The term "speculation" implies that a business or investment risk can be analyzed and measured, and its distinction from the term "investment" is one of degree of risk. It differs from gambling, which is based on random outcomes.
Investors can include stock traders but with this distinguishing characteristic: investors are owners of a company which entails responsibilities.
Investor AB is a Swedishinvestment company, founded in 1916 and still controlled by the Wallenberg family through their Foundation Asset Management company FAM. The company owns a controlling stake in several large Swedish companies with smaller positions in a number of other firms. At year-end 2013 it had a market value of 190.9 billionkronor (€21.4 billion, $29.4 billion), a discount to the Net Asset Value of 11.4%.
December 31, 2013 (in SEK m.)
Core holdings: 204,705
Financial investments: 32,256
Other assets: 1,560
Total assets: 238,521
Net Asset Value: 215,419
In 1916, new legislation made it more difficult for banks to own stocks in industrial companies on a long-term basis. Investor was formed as an investment part of Stockholms Enskilda Bank, at the time the largest instrument of power in the Wallenberg family.
Investor held shares in the following companies as of 31 December 2013:
ABB - power and automation technology (8.4% stake, 8.4% voting rights)
However, what investors often ignore is geographical diversification. This home bias in investing decisions can lead to portfolio being overly linked to the fortunes of a particular economy and result in investors missing out on attractive investment avenues in other countries.
... management team combines extensive experience at both top-tier financial institutions and within the digital asset sector, working closely with bank platforms, institutional investors, and asset managers across distribution, client service, operations, and portfolio management.
It’s more evidence that the energy giant is working hard to regain the faith of investors after making a historic cut to its payout last year in the depths of the Covid-19 pandemic ... The $7 billion payout will be in addition to the company’s prior pledge to distribute 20% to 30% of cash flow from operations to investors, Shell said in a statement.
(NYSE... FirstEnergy also is helping drive construction of a tremendous amount of distribution centers in the parts of eastern Pennsylvania it serves ... Its 10 electric distribution companies form one of the nation's largest investor-owned electric systems, serving customers in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, West Virginia, Maryland and New York ... .
Sony, Zee to merge into blockbuster entity ... According to experts, the corporate governance overhang of Zee Entertainment should also fade away with this merger and enhance investor confidence. Furthermore, the combined entity will be in a superior position to compete with Disney more effectively both on the distribution and advertising side ... ....
Further ZEE would also have access to Sony's international catalogue to exploit and monetise. The corporate governance overhang of ZEE Entertainment should also fade away with this merger and enhance investor confidence ... both on the distribution & advertising side.
...Group, Morgan Properties, Starwood Capital Group, and Related Group as investors, will propel Bilt Rewards to further expand its loyalty partner network, grow its organic distribution channels, and open the Bilt Rewards platform and Bilt Mastercard more widely to the public.
NEW YORK, Sept ... About Sumitomo Corporation of Americas ... As an integrated business enterprise, the firm has emerged as a major organizer of multinational projects, an expediter of ideas, an important international investor and financier, and a powerful force for distribution of products and global communications through a network of offices worldwide.
New offerings and investor subscriptions will be shared between both systems, and sponsors will be able to originate investor materials such as distributions, notices and performance data in JuniperSquare for publishing in the CrowdStreet Marketplace.
GMREX), or a 5.22% annualized distribution rate ...Performance includes reinvestment of distributions and reflects management fees and other expenses ... The Fund’s distribution rate is the amount, expressed as a percentage, a Fund investor would receive in distributions if the most recent Fund distribution stayed consistent going forward.
Some of these changes are aimed squarely at the richest investors who have leveraged loopholes in the code and access to private investments unavailable to most Americans to build massive, taxpayer subsidized IRAs and 401(k)s ... For balances over $20 million, the excess would be distributed first from Roth accounts.
On the other hand, thousands of retail investors entering the market is attracting the scrutiny of regulatory bodies ... US tax laws stipulate the withholding of tax for non-US investors (non-resident aliens) on payment of US source stock dividends, distribution of short-term capital gains, and substitute payments in lieu.
In an alert to investors, the SEC detailed the potential risks in putting money into US-listed companies that have contracts with but no control over a Chinese entity, known as a variable interest entity (VIE) ... In selling shares to US investors, the firms are raising capital from US investors without distributing ownership of those firms to them.
The scheme, which is akin to stock options (ESoPs) being offered to employees in various companies, is different in that it has been mandated to make managers more responsible towards the investors they serve in a mutual fund scheme ...SEBI asks investors to link PAN with Aadhaar before Sep 30.