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In abstract algebra and formal logic, the **distributive property** of binary operations generalizes the **distributive law** from elementary algebra. In propositional logic, **distribution** refers to two valid rules of replacement. The rules allow one to reformulate conjunctions and disjunctions within logical proofs.

For example, in arithmetic:

In the left-hand side of the first equation, the 2 multiplies the sum of 1 and 3; on the right-hand side, it multiplies the 1 and the 3 individually, with the products added afterwards.
Because these give the same final answer (8), it is said that multiplication by 2 *distributes* over addition of 1 and 3.
Since one could have put any real numbers in place of 2, 1, and 3 above, and still have obtained a true equation, we say that multiplication of real numbers *distributes* over addition of real numbers.

Given a set *S* and two binary operators ∗ and + on *S*, we say that the operation:

∗ is *left-distributive* over + if, given any elements *x*, *y*, and *z* of *S*,

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Distributive_property

In probability and statistics, a **probability distribution** assigns a probability to each measurable subset of the possible outcomes of a random experiment, survey, or procedure of statistical inference. Examples are found in experiments whose sample space is non-numerical, where the distribution would be a categorical distribution; experiments whose sample space is encoded by discrete random variables, where the distribution can be specified by a probability mass function; and experiments with sample spaces encoded by continuous random variables, where the distribution can be specified by a probability density function. More complex experiments, such as those involving stochastic processes defined in continuous time, may demand the use of more general probability measures.

In applied probability, a probability distribution can be specified in a number of different ways, often chosen for mathematical convenience:

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Probability_distribution

In mathematics and computer science, a **history monoid** is a way of representing the histories of concurrently running computer processes as a collection of strings, each string representing the individual history of a process. The history monoid provides a set of synchronization primitives (such as locks, mutexes or thread joins) for providing rendezvous points between a set of independently executing processes or threads.

History monoids occur in the theory of concurrent computation, and provide a low-level mathematical foundation for process calculi, such as CSP the language of communicating sequential processes, or CCS, the calculus of communicating systems. History monoids were first presented by M.W. Shields.

History monoids are isomorphic to trace monoids (free partially commutative monoids) and to the monoid of dependency graphs. As such, they are free objects and are universal. The history monoid is a type of semi-abelian categorical product in the category of monoids.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/History_monoid

An **investor** allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return. Types of investments include: equity, debt securities, real estate, currency, commodity, derivatives such as put and call options, etc. This definition makes no distinction between those in the primary and secondary markets. That is, someone who provides a business with capital and someone who buys a stock are both investors. An investor who owns a stock is a shareholder.

The assumption of risk in anticipation of gain but recognizing a higher than average possibility of loss. The term "speculation" implies that a business or investment risk can be analyzed and measured, and its distinction from the term "investment" is one of degree of risk. It differs from gambling, which is based on random outcomes.

Investors can include stock traders but with this distinguishing characteristic: investors are owners of a company which entails responsibilities.

There are two types of investors, retail investors and institutional investors:

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Investor

**Investor AB** is a Swedish investment company, founded in 1916 and still controlled by the Wallenberg family through their Foundation Asset Management company FAM. The company owns a controlling stake in several large Swedish companies with smaller positions in a number of other firms. At year-end 2013 it had a market value of 190.9 billion kronor (€21.4 billion, $29.4 billion), a discount to the Net Asset Value of 11.4%.

December 31, 2013 (in SEK m.)

In 1916, new legislation made it more difficult for banks to own stocks in industrial companies on a long-term basis. Investor was formed as an investment part of Stockholms Enskilda Bank, at the time the largest instrument of power in the Wallenberg family.

Investor held shares in the following companies as of 31 December 2013:

Listed companies

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Investor_AB

In abstract algebra and formal logic, the **distributive property** of binary operations generalizes the **distributive law** from elementary algebra. In propositional logic, **distribution** refers to two valid rules of replacement. The rules allow one to reformulate conjunctions and disjunctions within logical proofs.

For example, in arithmetic:

In the left-hand side of the first equation, the 2 multiplies the sum of 1 and 3; on the right-hand side, it multiplies the 1 and the 3 individually, with the products added afterwards.
Because these give the same final answer (8), it is said that multiplication by 2 *distributes* over addition of 1 and 3.
Since one could have put any real numbers in place of 2, 1, and 3 above, and still have obtained a true equation, we say that multiplication of real numbers *distributes* over addition of real numbers.

Given a set *S* and two binary operators ∗ and + on *S*, we say that the operation:

∗ is *left-distributive* over + if, given any elements *x*, *y*, and *z* of *S*,

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia - https://wn.com/Distributive_property

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### Eaton Vance High Income 2021 Target Term Trust Announces Change To Investment Policies

The market price of Trust shares may vary from net asset value based on factors affecting the supply and demand for shares, such as Trust **distribution** rates relative to similar investments, **investors**' expectations for future **distribution** changes, the clarity of the Trust's ......

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### ExchangeRight Welcomes Bill Cerelli to Sales Team

Earlier in his career, he served as a wholesaler at AXA Equitable **Distribution**, where he obtained top producer awards throughout a decade of tenure ... All of the company’s current and past offerings have met or exceeded every targeted cash flow **distribution** to **investors** for 93 consecutive months to date....

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### Investor Group Responds to Sale/Leaseback Transaction Announced by Big Lots

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### SIP inflows will remain steady in the coming months: Swarup Mohanty

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### Barings Global Short Duration High Yield Fund Announces Reduction in April 2020 Monthly Distribution

�Based on the Fund's March 31, 2020 share price of $11.13 per share, the **distribution** represents an annualized yield of 11.39% per share.� ��. The **distribution** schedule appears below. ... The Fund will send to **investors** a Form 1099-DIV for the calendar year that will define how to report these **distributions** for federal income tax purposes....

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### The government's relief bill allows retirees to skip plan distributions this year, and there are ...

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### Tesco pays £900,000,000 to investors after getting £585,000,000 tax break

Tesco CEO Dave Lewis defended the decision to pay **investors** £900 million in dividends (Credits ... Tesco was criticised for paying **investors** during the coronavirus pandemic (Picture ... ‘It appears there are no signs of Tesco taking the foot off the pedal on its dividend **distributions**, something that will please **investors**....

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### Yeshivahs Distribute Medical Equipment, Turn Gym Into Field Hospital for Patients

Meanwhile, Beit Midrash of Great Neck, located in Long Island, has turned into a makeshift **distribution** center so that thousands of masks and hand sanitizer dispensers can be delivered, for free, to New York City hospitals, Jewish Insider reported.Related coverage....

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### Tesco defends £900m investor payout despite Government tax break

Tesco has defended paying out £900 million in dividends to **investors** despite securing a £585 million tax break from the Government ... “We have a strong balance sheet and we do not need surplus cash.” ... “It appears there are no signs of Tesco taking the foot off the pedal on its dividend **distributions**, something that will please **investors** ... PA. / ... ....

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### Why McDonald’s Stock Might Be Riskier Than You Think

Yet there are some hidden risks McDonald’s presents that many **investors** may be overlooking, according to Stifel analyst Chris O’Cull ... If McDonald’s franchisees are collecting such a large amount of stimulus, though, it might be politically difficult for the company to continue **distributing** cash to shareholders....

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### Cohen & Steers MLP Income and Energy Opportunity Fund Update on Leverage and Distribution Rate

On March 30, 2020, the Fund announced a reduction of its monthly **distribution** rate and declared a **distribution** of $0.015 per share of common stock. Monthly **distributions**, announced on March 30, 2020, are payable on April 30, May 29 and June 30, 2020 ... Reduction in **Distribution** Rate ... Such excess is **distributed** from the fund's assets....

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The Independent | 09 Apr 2020

Russia Today | 09 Apr 2020

The Times of India | 09 Apr 2020

International Business Times | 08 Apr 2020

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